CLP 1

Welcome to College of Intercultural Communication, Rikkyo University!

I imagine this is one of the first classes you will take at Rikkyo University. So on behalf of everyone here at Rikkyo, I’d like to congratulate you on being accepted as a student at the College of Intercultural Communication (CIC), Rikkyo.

Not all students who wanted to study at CIC are allowed to be here today: only a selected few have been accepted. For many of you, your very presence here is a victory in itself. You have done so much and have come so far already. So I’d like to congratulate all of you on your hard work and achievement.

Also, I hope that you and your family are safe during the current situation. I cannot imagine how disappointed and worried you may be feeling, with lots of events, including the entrance ceremony and orientations, being cancelled, and all classes going online. But the staff here at Rikkyo University are here to help you in every possible way. We are really looking forward to seeing you on campus sometime very soon. So let’s hope that day will come very, very soon.

About the instructor

Now let me tell you a little bit about myself. My name is Tatsuya Nakata, and I am the instructor for College Life Planning (CLP for short) this semester. I also graduated from Rikkyo university. Unfortunately, I didn’t graduate from CIC, though. When I was a student, CIC didn’t exist. I graduated from the College of Literature (文学部) instead.

After graduating from Rikkyo University, I worked for a couple of other universities and lived in New Zealand and Osaka. I just started working for CIC, Rikkyo, at the beginning of this month (April 2020). Like most of you, I am also new here.

Most of you will study abroad next year for 海外留学研修 (Overseas Study Program) – some of you are from overseas and may actually be studying abroad now in Japan. When I was an undergraduate student, I studied abroad in the US for one year. I also went to graduate school (大学院) in New Zealand, and spent almost five years there. I really loved living in New Zealand. I met lots of nice, interesting people and had great experience there. I hope you’ll have an amazing experience next year for the Overseas Study Program too.

That’s enough about me. Now, I’d like everyone to tell me a bit about yourself. Please click on the following link and answer this survey.

Warm Up Questions (Blackboard)

(Please log in to Blackboard at https://bb.rikkyo.ac.jp/ before clicking on the above link)

* Please complete this assignment by Wednesday, 6 May 11:59 p.m. (midnight).

After you answer the above survey, let’s learn more about this class.

About the course

Here is some basic information about this course:

Course Objectives

This course will introduce the position and purpose of the study abroad experience in relation to the 4-year curriculum of the College of Intercultural Communication. In addition, this course will direct each student to find the connection between studying at the College of Intercultural Communication and future goals.

Course Contents

This course will cover the learning goals and experiences offered to College of Intercultural Communication (CIC) students. In addition, the course will cover the implications of the study abroad 海外留学研修 (Overseas Study Program) courses and how to maximize that experience for yourself through self-reflection exercises and goal setting. Furthermore, the course will ask you to address how you can apply your studies and experiences to the betterment of society. To accomplish these tasks, you will be asked to participate actively in online discussions, presentations, classroom activities, and self-reflection writing assignments.

Evaluation

Attendance & Participation (50%)
Reflection Papers (20%)
Assignments (20%)
Group Project (10%)

Email

nakata [at] rikkyo.ac.jp

Please replace [at] with @

Manner announcement about studying abroad

This is not directly related to this class, but here is manner announcement about the Overseas Study Abroad Program:

  1. 海外留学研修中、留学先大学の規則・規定に違反する行為により留学先大学を放校になった場合、当該学生は速やかに海外留学研修を中止し、帰国した上、学部長との面談を受けなければならない。その際、海外留学研修の単位は与えられず、再履修も認められない。
  1. 海外留学研修中、飲酒等の節度を越えた行為で留学先大学に迷惑をかけたと学部が判断した場合、当該学生は速やかに海外留学研修を中止し、帰国した上、学部長との面談を受けなければならない。その際、海外留学研修の単位は与えられず、再履修も認められない。

Language and native-speakerism

So much for the course introduction, now let’s get to the main part. Today, we will consider the issue of language and native-speakerism, with special focus on the English language. You’ll find a small quiz after this section, so please read the following carefully.

English as a global language

This class will be conducted in English. As you may know, English has been used very widely as an international language. Here are some statistics to show the widespread use of English.

  • Around 25% of the books published worldwide every year are in English.
  • 56% of the 10 million most visited Internet web sites are English.
  • On Twitter, 34% of tweets posted daily are in English (followed by 16% in Japanese and 12% in Spanish).

Who are the English speakers?

As you can see above, English has been used quite widely all over the world. So we can say that English has become a truly global language. So who exactly is speaking English? Are most of them native speakers?

The following table shows the top 10 languages in the world in terms of the number of native speakers.

Rank Language Number of speakers (in million)
1 Chinese 885
2 English 400
3 Spanish 332
4 Hindi 236
5 Arabic 200
6 Portuguese 175
7 Russian 170
8 Bengali 168
9 Japanese 125
10 German 100

(Adapted from https://www.mext.go.jp/b_menu/shingi/chukyo/chukyo3/004/siryo/attach/1379956.htm)

As you can see, English is only ranked second in terms of the number of native speakers. The Chinese language has actually more than twice native speakers than the English language. It is estimated that there are about 400 million native English speakers worldwide. The word population is around 7.5 billion, so this means that native English speakers account for only 5% of the world population.

But if we look at the number of people who speak English as an official language, it shows a very different picture. The following table shows the top 10 languages in the world in terms of the number of people who speak it as their official language.

Rank Language Number of speakers (in million)
1 English 1,400 (= 1.4 billion)
2 Chinese 1,000 (= 1 billion)
3 Hindi 700
4 Spanish 280
5 Russian 270
6 French 220
7 Arabic 170
8 Portuguese 160
9 Malay 160
10 Bengali 160

(Adapted from 平賀雅子『ベーシック新しい英語学概論』第1章)

As you can see, English is ranked number 1. This means that although English is number 2 in terms of the number of native speakers, English has a lot of people who speak it as an official language.

Native vs. non-native speakers

The above discussion suggests that there are more non-native speakers of English, compared with native speakers. Braj Kachru, a famous linguist (you’ll probably hear his name in a number of linguistics lectures here at CIC), divided English speaking countries into the following three categories: inner circles, outer circles, and expanding circles.

1. Inner circles
In inner circles, English is used as their first language. Countries such as the US, UK, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand are included in the inner circles.
2. Outer circles
In outer circles, English is used as the official language. Countries such as Singapore, India, Pakistan, Kenya, and Ghana belong here. Countries in this category are former colonies of the UK or US.
3. Expanding circles
In expanding circles, English is not widely used in society, but studied as a foreign language. Countries such as Japan, China, Korea, Russia, and German are in this category.

The following figure shows the number of speakers in each circle:

The above figure shows that there are more non-native speakers of English (outer and expanding circles combined) than native speakers (inter circle). According to one estimate, 75% of English users are actually non-native speakers.

Conclusions

As we have seen, the majority of English speakers are non-native speakers, and native speakers are, in fact, the minority.

Why did I talk about this? Well, although the language of instruction is English in this class, CIC is not a language department, and CLP is not a language course either. Hence, your homework, presentations, and papers etc. will be graded primarily on content, not language.

Also, it’s okay to make mistakes. You don’t have to speak or write like a native speaker because 75% of English users are non-native speakers. I hope today’s class has set you at ease, if you are worried that this class is taught in English. Having good grammar or vocabulary is great, but willingness to communicate and speak out, even with the wrong vocabulary, not perfect grammar, and not perfect pronunciation, is also very important for successful communication.

Review Quiz

Now, I’d like to invite you to take a short quiz about the contents covered in this document. You may review this document while you take the quiz. The results of this quiz will count toward your grades, so please review your answers carefully before submitting your answers. Also, by completing this quiz, you will be regarded as having attended this class. So please make sure to answer this quiz.

Language and native-speakerism (Blackboard)

(Please log in to Blackboard at https://bb.rikkyo.ac.jp/ before clicking on the above link)

* Please complete this assignment by Wednesday, 6 May 11:59 p.m. (midnight).

Homework

Homework for the next class is simple. I’d like you to write a self-introduction in English. Please tell us who you are, and why you decided to study at Ibunka. Please write at least 150 words. You can use a dictionary when writing.

I’d like you to post your self-introduction on 掲示板 on Blackboard. Please click on the following link:

Self-Introduction (Blackboard)

(Please log in to Blackboard at https://bb.rikkyo.ac.jp/ before clicking on the above link)

* Please complete this assignment by 31 May 11:59 p.m. (midnight).

In the above website, please click on “返信” to my original post, and you can write your own self-introduction there.

  • Please click on “返信” button to my original post, and you can write your own self-introduction.

「保存に失敗しました」というエラーメッセージが表示されても、実際にはきちんと投稿されていることもあります。エラーメッセージが表示された場合は、再度投稿する前に、ページの再読み込み(「更新」や「リロード」とも言います)を試して、投稿されているかどうか確認してみてください。

* 現在、Blackboardの掲示板に不具合が生じています。そのため、課題の締切を5月31日に延長しました。うまく投稿できない場合は後日改めて再度試してみてください。

Before or after posting your self-introduction, you are more than welcome to read other students’ posts too. Since you haven’t had a chance to meet your fellow CIC students in person yet, you can use this opportunity to get to know your classmates and meet them, albeit online.

If you are finished, that’s it for today! I hope you enjoyed your first class, and I’m looking forward to seeing all of you here again next week!

Any questions?

If you have any questions about this class, you can post your questions on Blackboard too. I created a 掲示板 called “Questions about the course,” so you can post any questions you might have about this class there.

Questions about the course (Blackboard)

(Please log in to Blackboard at https://bb.rikkyo.ac.jp/ before clicking on the above link)

You can click on スレッドの作成 and post your question there.